GLOSSARY

MARITAL DEDUCTION

A deduction allowing for the unlimited transfer of any or all property from one spouse to the other generally free of estate and gift tax.

MINOR

A person under the age of 18. A minor is usually defined as someone who has not yet reached the age of majority. The term does not apply to an emancipated youth. As used in the context of guardianship, a person younger than 18 who is placed in the care of a court-appointed guardian.

MOTION

A motion is a formal request made to a judge for an order or judgment. Motions can be filed for many purposes, such as: to continue a trial to a later date, to get modification or clarification of an existing order, for a judgment, for discovery issues, for a rehearing or reconsideration, for sanctions, or for many other purposes. Most motions require the underlying motion to be made in pleading, and a brief of legal reasons for granting the motion (often called "points and authorities"), written notice to the opposing party and a hearing before a judge.

MOTION IN LIMINE

A motion made before a trial begins asking the court to decide whether particular evidence will be admissible. A motion in limine is most often made to exclude evidence by a party who believes that evidence would prejudice the jury or judge against him or her. For example, a defendant in a criminal trial might make a motion in limine to exclude evidence of previous crimes.

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